Surfrider Foundations

From micro-plastics to the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, everyone is aware of the scope of humankind’s plastic waste. It has long been known that plastic materials have been found in seafood, but new research has elaborated on how far plastic can permeate. Plastic bags have been found as far as the Mariana Trench, and studies have shown micro-plastics prevalent in our tapwater and salt. A recent study from Purdue University in Aug. 2018 studied 159 tap water samples across the globe, finding that at least 81% were contaminated, mostly with fibers between 0.1-5mm in length.

Plastics Map

Another study completed 2015 in Shanghai, China researched the extent of micro-plastics in commercial table salt. From the 15 brands of samples taken from Chinese ocean coastal areas, lakes, and wells, sea salts were found to have a much higher content of plastic particles per kilogram (550–681 particles/kg in sea salts, 43–364 particles/kg in lake salts, and 7–204 particles/kg in rock/well salts).


This signals the abundance of micro-plastic contamination that occurs in the ocean, primarily polyethylene terephthalate, polyethylene, and cellophane.

A 2017 study also researched micro-plastic contamination in 17 table salt brands across 8 different countries: while micro-plastics were absent in one brand, others contained various plastic polymers , pigments, and amorphous carbon.

While the amount of micro-plastic in salt is negligible in terms of consumption health risks, this data indicates a gradual accumulation of contamination in the ocean, with little understanding of future consequences. Micro-plastics at sea have been discovered to host micro-organisms and could serve as a new habitat for potential pathogens, which can be spread and ingested globally.

Our epoch will be recorded for centuries to come, as the artifacts of our disposable lifetime remain, resisting decomposition. If the Holocene era was named to include both Bronze and Iron Ages, then ours will be called the Great Plastic Era.

However, at least with this nomenclature comes the realization that our generation faces a problem that simply isn’t going away. And through this understanding we can start to outline some solutions.

Explore Alternate Techniques for new scientific methods and concepts, and What You Can Do to find out how you can help as an individual.




The Beginning

Life is short, and pleasures few

and holed the ship

and drowned the crew.

But oh! but oh

how very blue the sea is.

— Clive Barker

As we explore the nature of our beloved seas, we must ask ourselves where we stand in relation to it. Are we destroyers or saviors?

This website is not meant to be a harbinger for the end times, but rather to act as a purveyor of hope for the future. It may seem as if every action to conserve and protect our waters is just one drop in a vast ocean, and yet without each drop that ocean would still be incomplete. With ingenuity, passion, and effort, the state of the world can be improved.

Join me in figuring out how.


Hello early birds! As you can see, I’m just now getting this website up and running. I welcome feedback, but please excuse the mess! -RP, 19/09/2018